Health Benefits

At Hyman Vineyards, we take pride in producing natural, wholesome products made from nutrient-rich fruits and vegetables that not only taste and smell good, but also have natural health benefits. We currently offer natural products made of muscadine grapes & red raspberries. Please click on the links below for more information about these two antioxidant-rich fruits.

Health Benefits - Muscadine    Health Benefits - Raspberries

Muscadine Grapes

Muscadine grapes are an incredibly powerful fruit, jam-packed with rich antioxidants that are good for the body. There are many health benefits that have been associated with muscadine grapes that have been documented in/by third party independent research. Below you will find a sample listing of just a few of the many health benefits that muscadine grapes may provide and the research that may help prove that each benefit may actually be possible within our body:

Dr. Oz answers: How can red wine improve health,

60 Minutes: Red Wine Benefits – resveratrol

  • Muscadine Grapes May Help to Boost the Immune System*
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    • Auw J, Blanco V, O’Keefe S, Sims CA. Effect of processing on the phenolics and color of Cabernet Sauvignon, Chambourcin, and Noble wines and juices. Am. J. Enol.Vitic. 1996;47;279-286

    • Fraser GE, Shavlik DJ: Ten years of life: Is it a matter of choice? Arch Intern Med 2001, 161(13):1645 -1652

    • Percival SS, Sims CA. Wine modifies the effects of alcohol on immune cells in mice. J. Nutr. 2000;130: 1091-1094

    • Talcott, S.T. and Lee, J-H. Ellagic acid and flavonoid antioxidant content of muscadine wine and juice J. Agric. Food Chem. 2002, 50: 3186-3192

  • Muscadine Grapes May Help With Cancers of the Gastrointestinal System, Such As Colon Cancer*
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    • Han C, Ding H, Casto B, Stoner GD, D’Ambrosio SM: Inhibition of the growth of premalignant and malignant oral cell lines by extracts and components of black raspberries. Nutr Cancer 2005, 51(2): 207-217.

    • Harris GK, Gupta A, Nines RG, Kresty LA, Habib SG, Frankel WL, LaPerle K, Gallaher DD, Schwartz SJ, Stoner GD: Effects of lyophilized black raspberries on azoxymethane-induced colon cancer and 8-hydroxy-2’-deoxyguanosine levels in the Fischer 344 rat. Nutr Cancer 2001, 40(2):125-133.

    • Kresty LA, Morse MA, Morgan C, Carlton PS, Lu J, Gupta A, Blackwood M, Stoner GD: Chemoprevention of esophageal tumorigenesis by dietary administration of lyophilized black raspberries. Cancer Res 2001, 61(16):6112-6119.

    • Whitley AC, Stoner GD, Darby MV, Walle T: Intestinal epithelial cell accumulation of the cancer preventive polyphenol ellagic acid – extensive binding to protein and DNA. Biochem Pharmacol 2003, 66(6):907-915.

    • Xue H, Aziz RM, Sun N, Cassady JM, Kamendulis LM, Xu Y, Stoner GD, Klaunig JE: Inhibition of cellular transformation by berry extracts. Carcinogenesis 2001, 22(2):351-356

  • A Nutraceutical Phytochemical Found in Muscadine Grapes, Called Resveratrol, May Help With the Influenza Virus*
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    • Bagchi D, Bagchi M, Stohs S, Ray SD, Sen CK, Preuss HG: Cellular protection with proanthocyanidins derived from grape seeds. Ann NY Acad Sci 2002, 957:260-270.

    • Bagchi D, Ray SD, Bagchi M, Preuss HG, Stohs SJ: Mechanistic pathways of antioxidant cytorotection by a novel IH636 grape seed proanthocyanidin extract. Indian J Exp Biol 202, 40(6):717-726.

    • Bagchi D, Sen CK, Ray SD, Das DK, Bagchi M Preuss HG, Vinson JA: Molecular mechanisms of cardioprotection by a novel grape seed proanthocyanidin extract. Mutat Res 2003, 523-524:87-97.

    • Palamara AT, Nencioini L, Aquilano K, et al. Inhibition of influenza A virus replication by resveratrol. Journal of Infectious Diseases May 2005 15;191(10):1719-29. PMID 15838800

    • Vinson JA, Mandarano MA, Shuta DL, Bagchi M, Bagchi D: Beneficial effects of a novel IH636 grape seed proanthocyanidin extract and a ciacin-bound chromium in a hamster atherosclerosis model. Mol Cell Biochem 2002, 240(1-2):99-103.

    • Wren AF, Cleary M, Frantz C, Melton S, Norris L: 90-day oral toxicity study of a grape see extract (IH636) in rats.J Agric Food Chem 2002, 50(7):2180-2192.

  • A Nutraceutical Phytochemical Found in Muscadine Grapes, Called Resveratrol, May Help With Athletic Performance*
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    • Bhat KPL, Kosmeder JW, 2nd, Pezzuto JM: Biological effects of resveratrol. Antioxid Redox Signal 2001, 3(6): 1041-1064.

    • Fremont L: Biological effects of resveratrol. Life Sci 2000, 66(8): 663-673.

    • Van de Wiel A, van Golder PH, Hart HC: Blessings of the grape. Eur J Intern Med 2001, 12(6):484-489

    • Wade, Nicholas (November 16 2006). “Red Wine Ingredient Increases Endurance, Study Shows”. New York Times.

  • A Nutraceutical Phytochemical Found in Muscadines, Called Resveratrol, May Help With Diseases Such as Huntington’s Disease and Alzheimer’s Disease*
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    • Parker JA, Arango M, Abderrahmane S, Lambert E, Tourette C, Catoire H, Néri C. Resveratrol rescues mutant polyglutamine cytotoxicity in C. elegans and mammalian neurons. Nature Genetics 2005; 4:349-350 PMID 15793589

    • Philippe Marambaud, Study of Alzheimers Disease and Memory Disorders. Journal of Biological Chemistry 2005; November 11.

  • Muscadine Grapes May Help to Lower Cholesterol*
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    • Arai Y, Watanabe S, Kimira M, Shimoi K, Mochizuki R, Kinae N: Dietary intakes of flavonols, flavonesand isoflavones by Japanese women ant the inverse correlation between quercetin intake and plasma LDL cholesterol concentration.J Nutr 2000, 130(9):2243-2250.

    • Ector BJ: Compositional and Nutritional Characteristics. In: Muscadine Grapes. Edited by Basiouny FMah, D.G. Alexandria, VA: ASHS Press; 2001.

    • Folts JD: Potential health benefits from the flavonoids in grape products on vascular disease. Adv Exp Med Biol 2002, 505:95-111.

    • Knekt P, Kumpulaninen J, Jarvinen R, Rissanen H, Heliovaara M, Hakulinen T, Aromaa A: Flavonoid intake and risk of chronic diseases. Am J Clin Nutr 2002, 76(3):560-568.

    • Ruf JC: Alcohol, wine and platelet function. Biol Res 2004, 37(2):209-215

  • Muscadine Grapes May Help With Type II Diabetes*
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    • de Sousa E, Zanatta L, Seifriz I, Creczynski-Pasa TB, Pizzolatti MG, Szpoganicz B, Silva FR: Hypoglycemic effect and antioxidant potential of kaempferol-3,7-O-(alpha)-dirhamnoside from Bauhinia forficata leaves. J Nat Prod 2004, 67(5):829-832.

    • Kawanishi K, Ueda H, Moriyasu M: Aldose reductase inhibitors from the nature. Curr Med Chem 2003, 10(15):1353-1374.

    • Murota K, Terao J: Antioxidative flavonoid quercetin: implication of its intestinal absorption and metabolism. Arch Biochem Biophys 2003, 417(1):12-17.

    • Pal S, Naissides M, Mamo J: Polyphenolics and fat absorption. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 2004, 28(2):324-326.

    • Valsa AK, Sudheesh S, Vijayalakshmi NR: Effect of catechin on carbohydrate metabolism. Indian J Biochem Biophys 1997, 34(4):406-408.

  • Muscadine Grapes May Help With Hypertension*
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    • Avogaro A, de Kreutzenberg SV: Mechanisms of endothelial dysfunction in obesity. Clin Chim Acta 2005.

    • Costacou T, Lopes-Virella MF, Zgibor JC, Virella G, Otvos J, Walsh M, Orchard TJ: Markers of endothelial dysfunction in the repdiction of coronary artery disease in Type 1 diabetes. The Pittsburgh Epidemiology of Diabetes Complications Study. J Diabetes Complications 2005, 19(4):183-193.

    • Frein D, Schildknecht S, Bachschmid M, Ullrick V: Redox regulation: A new challenge for pharmacology. Biochem Pharmacol 2005.

    • Hink U, Tsilimingas N, Wendt M, Munzel T: Mechanisms underlying endothelial dysfunction in diabetes mellitus: therapeutic implications. Treat Endocrinol 2003, 2(5):293-304.

    • Thuillez C, Richard V: Targeting endothelial dysfunction in hypertensive subjects. J Hum Hypertens 2005 19 Suppl 1:S21-25.

  • Muscadine Grapes May Help With Erectile Dysfunction*
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    • Achike FI, Kwan CY: Nitric oxide, human diseases and the herbal products that affect the nitric oxide signaling pathway. Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol 2003, 30(9):605-615.

    • Dell’Agli M, Galli GV, Vrhovsek U, Mattivi F, Bosisio E: In vitro inhibition of human cGMP-specific phosphodiesterase-5 by polyphenols from red grapes. J Agric Food Chem 2005, 53(6):1960-1965.

    • Gupta M, Kovar A, Meibohm B: The clinical pharmacokinetics of phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors for erectile dysfunction. J Clin Pharmacol 2005, 45(9):987-1003.

  • Muscadine Grapes May Help With Metabolic Syndrome*
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    • de Sousa E, Zanatta L, Seifriz I, Creczynski-Pasa TB, Pizzolatti MG, Szpoganicz B, Silva FR: Hypoglycemic effect and antioxidant potential of kaempferol-3,7-O-(alpha)-dirhamnoside from Bauhinia forficata leaves. J Nat Prod 2004, 67(5):829-832.

    • Murota K, Terao J: Antioxidative flavonoid quercetin: implication of its intestinal absorption and metabolism. Arch Biochem Biophys 2003, 417(1):12-17.

    • Pal S, Naissides M, Mamo J: Polyphenolics and fat absorption. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 2004, 28(2):324-326.

    • Valsa AK, Sudheesh S, Vijayalakshmi NR: Effect of catechin on carbohydrate metabolism. Indian J Biochem Biophys 1997, 34(4):406-408.

  • Muscadine Grapes May Help With Overall Heart and Vascular Health*
    View references

    • Ruf JC: Alcohol, wine and platelet function. Biol Res 2004, 37(2):209-215.

    • Ruf JC: Wine and polyphenols related to platelet aggregation and atherothrombosis. Drugs Exp Clin Res 1999, 25(2-3):125-131.

    • Wang Z, Huang Y, Zou J, Cao K, Xu Y, Wu JM: Effects of red wine and wine polyphenol resveratrol on platelet aggregation in vivo and in vitro. Int J Mol Med 2002, 9(1):77-79.

    • Wu JM, Wang ZR, Hsieh TC, Bruder JL, Zou JG, Huang YZ: Mechanism of cardioprotection by resveratrol, a phenolic antioxidant present in red wine (Review). Int J Mol Med 2001, 8(1):3-17.

    • Zou JG, Wang ZR, Huang YZ, Cao KJ, Wu JM: Effect of red wine and wine polyphenol resveratrol on endothelial function in hypercholesterolemic rabbits. Int J Mol Med 2003, 11(3):317-320.

  • Muscadine Grapes May Help With Breast Cancer*
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    • Bowers JL, Tyulmenkov VV, Jernigan SC, Klinge CM. Resveratrol acts as a mixed agonist/antagonist for estrogen receptors alpha and beta. Endocrinology 2000 Oct; 141(10):3657-67. PMID 11014220.

    • Gehm BD, McAndrews JM, Chien P, Jameson JL. Resveratrol, a polyphenolic compound found in grapes and wine, is an agonist for the estrogen receptor. Proc. National. Academy of Sciences 1997 Dec 9;94(25): 14138-43. PMID 9391166.

    • Jung KJ, Wallig MA, Singletary KW: Purple grape juice inhibits 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA)- induced rat mammary tumorigenesis and in vivo DMBA-DNA adduct formation. Cancer Lett 2005.

    • Losso JN, Bansode RR, Trappey A, 2nd, Bawadi HA, Truaz R: In vitro anti-proliferative activities of ellagic acid. J Nutr Biochem 2004, 15(11):672-678.

    • Maciel ME, Castro GD, Castro JA: Inhibition of the rat breast cytosolic bioactivation of ethanol to acetaldehyde by some plant polyphenols and folic acid. Nutr. Cancer 2004, 50(2):168-173.

  • Muscadine Grapes May Help With Prostate Cancer*
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    • Agarwal C, Sharma Y, Agarwal R: Anticarcinogenic effect of a polyphenolic fraction isolated from grape seeds in human prostate carcinoma DU145 cells:modulation of mitogenic signaling and cell-cycle regulators and induction of G1 arrest and apoptosis. Mol Carcinog 2000, 28(3):129-138.

    • Agarwal C, Singh RP, Agarwal R: Grape seed extract induces apoptotic death of human prostate carcinoma DU145 cells via caspases activation accompanied by dissipation of mitochondrial membrane potential and cytochrome c release. Carcinogenesis 2002, 23(11):1869-1876.

    • Narayanan BA, Narayanan NK, Stoner GD, Bullock BP: Interactive gene expression pattern in prostate cancer cells exposed to phenolic antioxidants. Life Sci 2002, 70(15):1821-1839.

    • Zhang Y, Vareed SK, Nair MG: Human tumor cell growth inhibition by nontoxic anthocyanidins, the pigments in fruits and vegetables. Life Sci 2005, 76(13):1465-1472.

  • Muscadine Grapes May Help With Leukemia*
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    • Losso JN, Bansode RR, Trappey A, 2nd, Bawadi HA, Truax R: In vitro anti-proliferative activities of ellagic acid. J Nutr Biochem 2004, 15(11):672-678.

    • Mertens SU, Talcott ST, Percival SS: Low concentrations of quercetin and ellagic acid influence proliferation, cytotoxity and apoptosis in MOLT-4 human leukemic celli in a synergistic manner. FASEB Journal 2003, 17(4-5): Abstract No. 693.693.

    • Mertens-Talcott SU, Talcott ST, Percival SS: Low concentrations of quercetin and ellagic acid synergistically influence proliferation, cytotoxicity and apoptosis in MOLT-4 human Leukemia cells. Journal of Nutrition 2003, 133(8):2669-2674.

    • Mertens SU, Percival SS: Low concentrations of polyphenol combinations from red muscadine grapes markedly influence cell cycle kinetics and viability in MOLT-4 cells. Faseb Journal 2002, 16(5):A1003-A1003.

    • Mertens-Talcott SU, Bomser JA, Romero C, Talcott ST, Percival SS: Quercetin and ellagic acid act synergistically in the induction of apoptosis and p21(wafl/cip1), p53, and MAP-kinases without affecting intracellular generation of reactive oxygen species in vitro. Journal of Nutrition 2005, 135(3):609-614.

  • Muscadine Grapes May Help to Lower Blood Pressure*
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    • de Ferranti S, Rifai N: C-reactive protein is an essential aspect of cardiovascular disease: a review of risk predictions and interventions. Clin Chim Acta 2002, 317(1-2):1-15.

    • Patrick L, Uzick M: Cardiovascular disease: C-reactive protein and the inflammatory disease paradigm: HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors, alpha-tocopherol, red yease rice, and olive oil polyphenols. A review of the literature. Altern Med Rev 2001, 6(3):248-271.

  • Muscadine Grapes May Help to Increase Cognitive Performance*
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    • Baur JA, Pearson KJ, Price NL, Jamieson HA, Lerin C, Kalra A, Prabhu VV, Allard JS, Lopez-Lluch G, Lewis K, Pistell PJ, Poosala S, Becker KG, Boss O, Gwinn D, Wang M, Ramaswamy S, Fishbein KW, Spencer RG, Lakatta EG, LeCouteur D, Shaw RJ, Navas P, Puigserver P, Ingram DK, de Cabo R, Sinclair DA. “Resveratrol improves health and survival of mice on a high-calories diet” Nature 2006 advanced publication.

    • Valenzano DR, Terzibasi E, Genade T, Cattanie A, Domenici L, Cellerino A “Resveratrol Prolongs Lifespan and Retards the Onset of Age-Related Markers in a Short-Lived Vertebrate.” Current Biology 2006 Feb 7; 16(3):296-300 PMID 16461283.

    • Wood JG, Rogina B, Lavul S, Howitz K, Helfand SL, Tatar M, Sinclair D. “Sirtuin actrivators mimic caloric restriction and delay ageing in metazians”. Nature . 2004 Aug 5; 430(7000):686-689. Epub 2004 Jul 14. PMID 15254550.

  • Muscadine Grapes May Help With Chronic Inflammatory Diseases Such As: Gout, Colitis, COPD, Psoriasis, Fibromyalgia, Inflammatory Bowel Diseases, Allergies, Asthma, Rheumatoid Arthritis & Atherosclerosis*
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    • Verma S, Yeh ET: C-reactive protein and atherothrombosis—beyond a biomarker: an actual partaker of lesion formation. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 2003, 285(5) :R1253-1256; discussion R1257-1258.

    • Yeh ET: C-reactive protein is an essential aspect of cardiovascular risk factor stratification. Can J Cardiol 2004, 20(suppl B):93B-96B.

    • Yeh ET, Palusinski RP: C-reactive protein: the pawn has been promoted to queen. Curr Atheroscler Rep 2003, 5(2):101-105.

    • Yeh ET: CRP as a mediator of disease. Circulation 2004, 109(21 Suppl 1):II11-14.

    • Yeh ET, Willerson JT: Coming of age of C-reactive protein: using inflammation markers in cardiology. Circulation 2003, 107(3):370-371.

  • Muscadine Grapes May Help With Oral Cancer, Plaque & Gingivitis*
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    • Aziz MH, KumarR, Ahmad N: Cancer chemoprevention be resveratrol: in vitro and in vivo studies and the underlying mechanisms (review). Int J Oncol 2003, 23(1):17-28.

    • Connolly GN, Winn DM, Hecht SS, Henningfield JE , Walker B, Jr., Hoffmann D: The reemergence of smokeless tobacco.N Engl J Med 1986, 314(16):1020-1027.

    • Lambert JD, Hong J, Yang GY, Liao J, Yang CS: Inhibition of carcinogenesis by polyphenols: evidence from laboratory investigations. Am J Clin Nutr 2005, 81(1Suppl):284S-291s.

    • Seeram NP, Adams LS, Henning SM, Nui Y, Shang Y, Nair MG, Herber D: In vitro antiproliferative, apoptotic and antioxidant activities of punicalagin, ellagic acid and a total pomegranate tannin extract are enhance in combination with other polyphenols as found in pomegranate juice. J Nutr Biochem 2005 16(6):360-367.

    • Winn DM: Diet and nutrition in the etiology of oral cancer. Am J Clin Nutr 1995, 61(2):437S-445S.

  • Muscadine Grapes May Help With Brain Aging & Life Extension*
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    • Choen HY, Miller C, Bitterman KJ, Wall NR, Hekking B, Kessler B, Howitz KT, Gorospe M, de Cabo R, Sinclair DA: Calorie restriction promotes mammalian cell survival by inducing the SIRT1 deacetylase. Science 2004, 305(5682):390-392.

    • Howitz KT, Bitterman KJ, Cohen HY, Lamming DW, Lavu S, Wood JG, Zipkin RE, Chung P, Kisielewski A, Shang LL et al: Small molecule activators of sirtuins extend Saccharomyces cerevisiae lifespan. Nature 2003, 425(6954):191-196.

    • Moskaug JO, Carlsen H, Myhrstad MC, Blomhoff R: Molecular imaging of the biological effects of quercetin and quercetin-rich foods. Mech Ageing Dev 2004, 125(4):315-324.

    • Park SK, Prolla TA: Lessons learned from gene expression profile studies of ageing and caloric restriction. Ageing Res Rev 2005, 4(1):55-65.

    • Wood JG, Rogina B, Labu S, Howitz K, Helfand SL, Tatar M, Sinclair D: Sirtuin activators mimic caloric restriction and delay ageing in metazoans. Nature 2004, 430(7000):686-689.

  • Muscadine Grapes May Help With Mobilization of Fat & Insulin Sensitivity*
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    • Al-Regaiey KA, Masternak MN, Bonkowski M, Sun L, Bartke A: Long-lived growth hormone receptor knockout mice: interaction of reduced insulin-like growth factor i/insulin signaling and caloric restriction. Endocrinology 2005, 146(2): 851-860.

    • Picard F, Kurtev M, Chung N, Topark-Ngarm A, Senawong T, Machado De Oliveria R, Leid M, McBurney MW, Guarente L: Sirt1 promotes fat mobilization in white adipocytes by repressing PPAR-gamma. Nature 2004, 429(6993):771-776.

Red Raspberries

Red raspberries are an incredibly powerful fruit, jam-packed with rich antioxidants that are good for the body. There are many health benefits that have been associated with red raspberries that have been documented in/by third party, independent research. Below you will find a sample listing of just a few of the many health benefits that red raspberries may provide and the research that may help to prove that each benefit may actually be possible within our body:

  • Red Raspberries May Help to Maintain a Healthy Cardiovascular System*
    View references

    • Juranic, Z; Zizak, Z. “Biological activities of berries: from antioxidant capacity to anti-cancer effects.” Biofactors 2005, 23, (4), 207-211.

    • Lamy, S.; Blanchette, M.; Michaud-Levesque, J.;Lafleur, R.; Durocher, Y.; Moghrabi, A.; Barrette, S.; Gingras, D.; Beliveau, R. “Delphinidin, a dietary anthocyanidin, inhibits vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 phosphorylation.” Carcinogenesis 2006, 27, (5), 989-96

    • Jalili, T.; Carlstrom, J.; Kim, S.; Freeman, D.; Jin, H.; Wu, T.C.; Litwin, S.E.; David Symons, J., “Quercetin-supplemented diets lower blood pressure and attenuate cardiac hypertrophy in rats with aortic constriction.” J Cardiovasc Pharmacol 2006, 47, (4), 531-41.

    • Liu, M.; Li, X.Q.; Weber, C.; Lee, C.Y.; Brown, J.; Liu, R>H.’ “Antioxidant and antiproliferative activities of raspberries.” J Agric Food Chem 2002, 50, (10), 2926-30

  • Red Raspberries May Help With Colon Cancer*
    View references

    • Juranic, Z; Zizak, Z.; Tasic, S.; Petrovic, S.; Nidzovic, S.; Leposavic, A.; Stanojkovic, T., “Antiproliferative action of water extracts of seeds or pulp of five different raspberry cultivars.” Food Chemistry 2005, 93, (1), 39-45.

  • Red Raspberries May Have Anti-Cancer Benefits*
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    • Atalay, M; Gordillo, G; Roy, S; Rovin, B; Bagchi D; Bagchi, M; Sen, C.K.;“Anti-angiogenic property of edible berry in a model of hemangioma” FEBS Lett 2003, 544, (1-3), 252-7

    • Bagchi D et al. Anti-angiogenic, antioxidant, and anti-carcinogenic properties of a novel anthocyanin-rich berry extract formula. Biochemistry (Mosc). 69, 1:75-80, 2004. http://www.protein.bio.msu.su/biokhimiya

    • Bagchi D et al. “Safety and Whole-Body Antioxidant Potential of a Novel Anthocyanin-Rich Formulation of Edible Berries.” Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 281:197-209, 2005

    • Bagchi,D.; Sen, C.K.; Bagchi, M; Atalay, M. “Anti-angiogenic, antioxidant, and anti-carcinogenic properties of a novel anthocyanin-rich berry extract formula.” Biochemistry (Mosc) 2004, 69, (1), 75-80, 1p preceding 75.

    • Barch, D.H.; Fox, C.C., “Selective inhibition of methylbenzylnitrosamine-induced formation of esophageal 06-methylguanine by dietary ellagic acid in rats.” Cancer Res 1988, 48, (24 Pt 1), 7008-92

  • Red Raspberries May Have Antioxidant Benefits*
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    • Beekwilder J, Hall RD, de Vos CH. Identification and dietary relevance of antioxidants from raspberry. Biofactors. 2005;23(4):197-205. PMID:16498206.

    • Liu M, Li XQ, Weber C et al. Antioxidant and antiproliferative activities of raspberries. J Agric Food Chem 2002 May 8;50(10):2926-30 2002.

    • Seeram NP, Momin RA, Nair MG, Bourquin LD. Cyclooxygenase inhibitory and antioxidant cyanidin glycosides in cherries and berries. Phytomedicine 2001 Sep;8(5):362-9. PMID:13780.

    • Wang SY, Jiao H. Scavenging capacity of berry crops on superoxide radicals, hydrogen peroxide, hydroxyl radicals, and singlet oxygen. J Agric Food Chem 2000 Nov;48(11):5677-84. PMID:13800.

    • Boxin Ou, “Characterization of Antioxidant from Blackberries, Red Raspberries, Boysenberries, Marionberries and Black Raspberries.” A Report Submitted to the Oregon Raspberry and Blackberry Commission

  • Red Raspberries May Help With Eye Health*
    View references

    • Cho E, Seddon JM, Rosner B, Willett WC, Hankinson SE. Prospective study of intake of fruits, vegetables, vitamins, and carotenoids and risk of age-related maculopathy. Arch Ophthalmol. 2004 Jun;122(6):883-92. PMID:15197064.

  • Red Raspberries May Have Antimicrobial Benefits*
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    • Funatogawa, K.; Hayashi,S.; Shimomura, H.; Yoshida, T.; Hatano, T.; Ito, H.; Hirai, Y. “Antibacterial activity of hydrolysable tannis derived from medicinal plants against Heliobacter pylori.” Microbiology and Immunology 2004, 48, (4), 251-261.

    • Gotteland, M.; Brunser, O.; Cruchet, S. “Systematice review: are probiotics useful in controlling gastric colonization by Heliobacter pylori? Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics 2006, 23, (8), 1077-1086.

    • Rauha JP, Remes S, Heinonen M, et al. Antimicrobial effects of Finnish plant extracts containing flavonoids and other phenolic compounds. Int J Food Microbiol 2000 May 25;56(1):3-12. PMID:13810.

FDA Required Statement: All of the comments made have not been evaluated by the Food & Drug Administration. None of Hyman Vineyards’ products are intended to treat, prevent, mitigate or cure any future or currently known diseases.